Testicular and Airway Curriculum

US didactics:

Week 1 –  Testicular US and Regional Anatomy –

Week 2 – Testicular US Pathology –

Week 3- Case-Based review by Faculty, Fellows Present and review testicular Studies

Week 4 – Airway US – Old and New Concepts –


Reading/Review List:

SonoGuide: Testicular US,

SonoSpot: Testicular TutorialCasesStudiesTips &Tricks

SonoSpot: Airway TutorialCasesStudiesTips &Tricks

Podcasts: Soundbytes: Testicular;

Ultrasound Podcast: Testicular US Part 1 and Part 2; and US Guided CricUS Guided Intubation and Part 2 and Part 3

AIUM Practice Guidelines: Scrotal US



Ma/Mateer/Blaivas chapters

11. Testicular, Michael Blaivas


Dawson/Mallin iBook chapters

Volume 1, Chapter 10 – Testicular

Volume 2 – Airway


Testicular Studies: Pubmed Collection

Airway Studies: Pubmed Collection


Testicular US Studies:

Adhikari S, Blaivas M. WITHDRAWN: Point-of-care emergency ultrasound evaluation of acute scrotal pain in the ED. Am J Emerg Med. 2011 Mar 29. [Epub ahead of print]

Blaivas M, Brannam L. Testicular Ultrasound. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2004;22(3):723-748.

Blaivas M, Sierzenski P, Lambert M. Emergency evaluation of patients presenting with acute scrotum using bedside ultrasonography. Acad Emerg Med. 2001;8(1):90-93.

Blaivas M, Sierzenski P. Emergency ultrasonography in the evaluation of the acute scrotum. Acad Emerg Med. 2001;8(1):85-89.

Blaivas M, Batts M, Lambert M. Ultrasonographic diagnosis of testicular torsion by emergency physicians. Am J Emerg Med. 2000;18(2):198-200.

Cannis M, Mailhot T, Perera P. Bedside ultrasound in a case of blunt scrotal trauma. West J Emerg Med. 2013 Mar;14(2):127-9. doi: 10.5811/westjem.2012.8.12630.

Akin EA, Khati NJ, Hill MC. Ultrasound of the scrotum. Ultrasound Q. 2004;20(4):181-200.

Guichard G, El Ammari J, Del Coro C, Cellarier D, Loock PY, Chabannes E, Bernardini S, Bittard H, Kleinclauss F. Accuracy of ultrasonography in diagnosis of testicular rupture after blunt scrotal trauma. Urology. 2008 Jan;71(1):52-6. doi: 10.1016/j.urology.2007.09.014.

Kapasi Z, Halliday S. Best evidence topic report. Ultrasound in the diagnosis of testicular torsion. Emerg Med J. 2005 Aug;22(8):559-60. Review.

Kim DJ, Kendall JL. Fournier’s gangrene and its characteristic ultrasound findings. J Emerg Med. 2013 Jan;44(1):e99-101. doi: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2012.01.015. Epub 2012 Mar 3. No abstract available.

Liang T, Metcalfe P, Sevcik W, Noga M. Retrospective review of diagnosis and treatment in children presenting to the pediatric departmentwith acute scrotum. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2013 May;200(5):W444-9. doi: 10.2214/AJR.12.10036.

Liguori G, Bucci S, Zordani A, Benvenuto S, Ollandini G, Mazzon G, Bertolotto M, Cacciato F, Siracusano S, Trombetta C. Role of US in acute scrotal pain. World J Urol. 2011 Oct;29(5):639-43. doi: 10.1007/s00345-011-0698-8. Epub 2011 May 24.

Pearl MS, Hill MC. Ultrasound of the scrotum. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 2007 Aug;28(4):225-48. Review.

Sparano A, Acampora C, Scaglione M, Romano L. Using color power Doppler ultrasound imaging to diagnose the acute scrotum. A pictorial essay. Emerg Radiol. 2008 Sep;15(5):289-94. doi: 10.1007/s10140-008-0710-9. Epub 2008 Mar 20.

Waldert M, Klatte T, Schmidbauer J, Remzi M, Lackner J, Marberger M. Color Doppler sonography reliably identifies testicular torsion in boys. Urology. 2010 May;75(5):1170-4. doi: 10.1016/j.urology.2009.07.1298. Epub 2009 Nov 13.

Wittenberg AF, Tobias T, Rzeszotarski M, Minotti AJ. Sonography of the acute scrotum: the four T’s of testicular imaging. Curr Probl Diagn Radiol. 2006 Jan-Feb;35(1):12-21. Review.

Yagil Y, Naroditsky I, Milhem J, Leiba R, Leiderman M, Badaan S, Gaitini D. Role of Doppler ultrasonography in the triage of acute scrotum in the emergency department. J Ultrasound Med. 2010 Jan;29(1):11-21.


Airway US Studies:

Adhikari S, Zeger W, Schmier C, Crum T, Craven A, Frrokaj I, Pang H, Shostrom V. Pilot study to determine the utility of point-of-care ultrasound in the assessment of difficult laryngoscopy. Acad Emerg Med. 2011 Jul;18(7):754-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1553-2712.2011.01099.x. Epub 2011 Jun 27.

Blaivas M, Tsung JW. Point-of-care sonographic detection of left endobronchial main stem intubation and obstruction versus endotracheal intubation. J Ultrasound Med. 2008 May;27(5):785-9.

Chou HC, Tseng WP, Wang CH, Ma MH, Wang HP, Huang PC, Sim SS, Liao YC, Chen SY, Hsu CY, Yen ZS, Chang WT, Huang CH, Lien WC, Chen SC. Tracheal rapid ultrasound exam (T.R.U.E.) for confirming endotracheal tube placement duringemergency intubation. Resuscitation. 2011 Oct;82(10):1279-84. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2011.05.016. Epub 2011 Jun 1.

Chou HC, Chong KM, Sim SS, Ma MH, Liu SH, Chen NC, Wu MC, Fu CM, Wang CH, Lee CC, Lien WC, Chen SC. Real-time tracheal ultrasonography for confirmation of endotracheal tube placement during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Resuscitation. 2013 Jul 9. doi:pii: S0300-9572(13)00341-9. 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2013.06.018. [Epub ahead of print

Ezri T, Gewürtz G, Sessler DI, et al Prediction of difficult laryngoscopy in obese patients by ultrasound quantification of anterior neck soft tissue. Anaesthesia. 2003 Nov;58(11):1111-4.

Hung TY, Li S, Chen PS, Wu LT, Yang YJ, Tseng LM, Chen KC, Wang TL, Hung TY. Bedside ultrasonography as a safe and effective tool to diagnose acute epiglottitis. Am J Emerg Med. 2011 Mar;29(3):359.e1-3. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2010.05.001. Epub 2010 Aug 1.

Kerrey BT, Geis GL, Quinn AM, Hornung RW, Ruddy RM. A prospective comparison of diaphragmatic ultrasound and chest radiography to determine endotracheal tube position in a pediatric emergency department. Pediatrics. 2009 Jun;123(6):e1039-44. doi: 10.1542/peds.2008-2828. Epub 2009 May 4.

Ma G, Davis DP, Schmitt J, Vilke GM, Chan TC, Hayden SR. The sensitivity and specificity of transcricothyroid ultrasonography to confirm endotracheal tube placement in a cadaver model. J Emerg Med. 2007 May;32(4):405-7. Epub 2007 Apr 5.

Milling TJ, Jones M, Khan T, et al. Transtracheal 2-d ultrasound for identification of esophageal intubation. J Emerg Med 2007 May;32(4):409-414.

Nicholls SE, Sweeney TW, Ferre RM, Strout TD. Bedside sonography by emergency physicians for the rapid identification of landmarks relevant to cricothyrotomy. Am J Emerg Med. 2008 Oct;26(8):852-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2007.11.022.

Osman AB, Chuan TW, Manikam R. A feasibility study on bedside upper airway ultrasonography compared to waveform capnography for verifying endotracheal tube location after intubation. Crit Ultrasound J. 2013 Jul 4;5(1):7. [Epub ahead of print]

Park SC, Ryu JH, Yeom SR, Jeong JW, Cho SJ. Confirmation of endotracheal intubation by combined ultrasonographic methods in the EmergencyDepartment. Emerg Med Australas. 2009 Aug;21(4):293-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1742-6723.2009.01199.x.

Sim SS, Lien WC, Chou HC, Chong KM, Liu SH, Wang CH, Chen SY, Hsu CY, Yen ZS, Chang WT, Huang CH, Ma MH, Chen SC. Ultrasonographic lung sliding sign in confirming proper endotracheal intubation during emergencyintubation. Resuscitation. 2012 Mar;83(3):307-12. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2011.11.010. Epub 2011 Nov 29.

Sustic A. Role of ultrasound in the airway management of critically ill patients. Crit Care Med 2007 35(5): S173-177

Werner SL, Smith CE, Goldstein JR, Jones RA, Cydulka RK. Pilot study to evaluate the accuracy of ultrasonography in confirming endotracheal tube placement. Ann Emerg Med. 2007 Jan;49(1):75-80. Epub 2006 Oct 2.

Uya A, Spear D, Patel K, Okada P, Sheeran P, McCreight A. Can novice sonographers accurately locate an endotracheal tube with a saline-filled cuff in a cadaver model? A pilot study. Acad Emerg Med. 2012 Mar;19(3):361-4. doi: 10.1111/j.1553-2712.2012.01306.x.




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