DVT and Ocular Curriculum

US didactics/scan shift

Week 1 –  Lower extremity DVT US –

Week 2 –  Case based presentations by Faculty, Fellows present and review DVT Studies-

Week 3 – Ocular Ultrasound –

Week 4 – Case based presentations by Faculty, Fellows present and review Ocular Studies –


Reading/Review List:

SonoGuide: DVT and Ocular

SonoSpot: DVT TutorialCasesStudiesTips & Tricks

SonoSpot: Ocular TutorialCasesStudiesTips & Tricks

Podcast: Soundbytes: DVT and Ocular; Ultrasound Podcast: DVT Part 1 and Part 2;  Ocular US with Chris Fox

AIUM Practice Guidelines: DVT Ultrasound



Ma/Mateer/Blaivas Chapters

15. Deep Venous Thrombosis, Michael Blaivas
17. Ocular Ultrasound, Matthew Lyon and Michael Blaivas


Dawson/Mallin iBook Chapters

Volume 2 – DVT

Volume 2 – Ocular


DVT Studies: PubMed Collection

Ocular Studies: PubMed Collection


DVT Studies:

Bramante RM, Raio CC. Near-Miss in Focused Lower-Extremity Ultrasound for Deep Venous Thrombosis. J Emerg Med. 2013 Feb 21. doi:pii: S0736-4679(12)01568-5. 10.1016/j.jemermed.2012.11.044. [Epub ahead of print]

Pomero F, Dentali F, Borretta V, Bonzini M, Melchio R, Douketis JD, Fenoglio LM. Accuracy of emergency physician-performed ultrasonography in the diagnosis of deep-vein thrombosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Thromb Haemost. 2013 Jan;109(1):137-45. doi: 10.1160/TH12-07-0473. Epub 2012 Nov 8. Review.

Tay ET, Stone MB, Tsung JW. Emergency ultrasound diagnosis of deep venous thrombosis in the pediatric emergencydepartment: a case series. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2012 Jan;28(1):90-5. doi: 10.1097/PEC.0b013e31823f6027.

Fox JC, Bertoglio KC. Emergency Physician Performed Ultrasound for DVT Evaluation. Thrombosis. 2011;2011:938709. doi: 10.1155/2011/938709. Epub 2011 Mar 6.

Mehta N, Schecter J, Stone M Identification of intraluminal thrombus by ultrasonography in emergency department patients with acute deep venous thrombosis. J Emerg Med. 2012 May;42(5):566-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2011.06.016. Epub 2011 Oct 21.

Ward MJ, Sodickson A, Diercks DB, Raja AS. Cost-effectiveness of lower extremity compression ultrasound in emergency department patients with a high risk of hemodynamically stable pulmonary embolism. Acad Emerg Med. 2011 Jan;18(1):22-31. doi: 10.1111/j.1553-2712.2010.00957.x.

Magazzini S, Vanni S, Toccafondi S, Paladini B, Zanobetti M, Giannazzo G, Federico R, Grifoni S. Duplex ultrasound in the emergency department for the diagnostic management of clinically suspected deep vein thrombosis. Acad Emerg Med. 2007 Mar;14(3):216-20. Epub 2007 Jan 30.

Bernardi E, Camporese G, Buller H, et al.  Serial 2-point ultrasonography diagnosing suspected symptomatic deep vein thrombosis v whole leg sonography: a randomized controlled trial.  JAMA 2008;300:1653-9.

Blaivas M, Lambert MJ, Harwood RA, Wood JP, Konicki J. Lower-extremity Doppler for deep venous thrombosis–can emergency physicians be accurate and fast? Acad Emerg Med. 2000 Feb;7(2):120-6.

Burnside PR, Brown MD, Kline JA. Systematic review of emergency physician-performed ultrasonography for lower-extremity deep vein thrombosis. Acad Emerg Med. 2008. 15:493-498.

Lensing AW, Prandoni P, Brandjes D, Huisman PM, Vigo M, Tomasella G, Krekt J, Wouter Ten Cate J, Huisman MV, Büller HR Detection of deep-vein thrombosis by real-time B-mode ultrasonography. N Engl J Med. 1989 Feb 9;320(6):342-5.

Munoz FJ, Mismetti P, Poggi R, et al. Clinical outcome of patients with upper-extremity deep vein thrombosis results from the RIETE RegistryChest. 2008. 133:143-148.

Sheiman RG, McArdel CR. Bilateral lower extremity US in the patient with unilateral symptoms of deep venous thrombosis: Assessment of needRadiology 1995. 194:171-173.

Sheiman RG, McArdle CR.Clinically suspected pulmonary embolism: use of bilateral lower extremity US as the initial examination–a prospective study. Radiology. 1999 Jul;212(1):75-8

Shiver SA, Lyon M, Blaivas M, et al. Prospective comparison of emergency physician-performed venous ultrasound and CT venography for deep venous thrombosis. Am J Emerg Med 2010 Mar;28(3):354-358.

Theodoro DL, Blaivas M, Duggal S, et al. Real-time B-mode ultrasound in the ED saves time in the diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Am J Emerg Med. 2004. 22:197-200.

Frazee BW, Snoey ER, Levitt A. Emergency Department compression ultrasound to diagnose proximal deep vein thrombosis. J Emerg Med. 2001 Feb;20(2):107-12.

 Nunn KP, Thompson PK. Towards evidence based emergency medicine: best BETs from the Manchester Royal Infirmary. Using the ultrasound compression test for deep vein thrombosis will not precipitate a thromboembolic event. Emerg Med J. 2007 Jul;24(7):494-5. Review.

McIlrath ST, Blaivas M, Lyon M Patient follow-up after negative lower extremity bedside ultrasound for deep venous thrombosis in the ED. Am J Emerg Med. 2006 May;24(3):325-8


Ocular Studies:

Schott ML, Pierog JE, Williams SR. Pitfalls in the use of ocular ultrasound for evaluation of acute vision loss. J Emerg Med. 2013 Jun;44(6):1136-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2012.11.079. Epub 2013 Mar 20.

Liu Y, Chen J. Focused bedside ocular ultrasound. Acad Emerg Med. 2008 Aug;15(8):792. doi: 10.1111/j.1553-2712.2008.00168.x. No abstract available.

Blaivas M, Theodoro D, Sierzenski PR.  A study of bedside ocular ultrasonography in the emergency department.  Acad Emer Med2002; 9(8):791-799.

Blaivas M, Theodoro D, Sierzenski PR. Elevated intracranial pressure detected by bedside emergency ultrasonography of the optic nerve sheathAcad Emer Med2003;10:376-381.

Tayal VS, Neulander M, Norton HJ, et al. Emergency department sonographic measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter to detect findings of increased intracranial pressure in adult head injury patientsAnn Emer Med2007;49:508-514.

Kimberly HH, Shah S et al.  Correlation of optic nerve sheath diameter with direct measurement of intracranial pressure.  Acad Emer Med 2008; 15(2):201-204.
Le A, Hoehn ME, et al.  Bedside sonographic measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter as a predictor of increased intracranial pressure in children.  Ann Emer Med2009; 53(6):785-791.
Shinar Z, Chan L, et al.  Use of ocular ultrasound for the evaluation of retinal detachment.  J Emer Med 2011; 40(1):53-57.

Yoonessi R, Hussain A, et al. Bedside ocular ultrasound for the detection of retinal detachment in the emergency department.  Acad Emer Med 2010; 17(9):913-917.

Hall MK, Spiro DM, Sabbaj A, Moore CL, Hopkins KL, Meckler GD. Bedside optic nerve sheath diameter ultrasound for the evaluation of suspected pediatric ventriculoperitoneal shunt failure in the emergency department. Childs Nerv Syst. 2013 Jun 1. [Epub ahead of print]

Blaivas, M. Bedside emergency department ultrasonography in the evaluation of ocular pathologyAcad Emerg Med, 2000 Aug;7(8):947-950.

Buzzard AK, Linklater DR. Pediatric retinal detachment due to Coats’ disease diagnosed with bedside emergency department ultrasound. J Emerg Med 2009; 37(4):390-392.

Galetta S, Byrne SF, Smith JL. Echographic correlation of optic nerve sheath size and cerebrospinal fluid pressure. J Clin Neuroopthalmol 1989; 9: 79–82.

Harbison H, Shah S, Noble V. Correlation of ocular nerve sheath diameter measurements with ultrasound. Acad Emerg Med 2008 -b Abstract.

Harries A, Shah S, Teismann N, Price D, Nagdev A Ultrasound assessment of extraocular movements and pupillary light reflex in ocular trauma. Am J Emerg Med. 2010 Oct; 28 (8): 956-9.

Newman WD, Hollman AS, Dutton GN, Carachi R. Measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter by ultrasound: a means of detecting acute raised intracranial pressure in hydrocephalus. Br J Ophthalmol 2002; 86: 1109–13.

Roque PJ, Wu TS, Barth L, Drachman D, Khor KN, Lovecchio F, Stapczynski S. Optic nerve ultrasound for the detection of elevated intracranial pressure in the hypertensive patient. Am J Emerg Med. 2011 Dec 26.

Daulaire S, Fine L, Salmon M, Cummings C, Liebmann O, Shah S, Teismann N. Ultrasound assessment of optic disc edema in patients with headache. Am J Emerg Med. 2012 Oct;30(8):1654.e1-4. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2011.06.030. Epub 2011 Oct 24.

Theoret J, Sanz GE, Matero D, Guth T, Erickson C, Liao MM, Kendall JL. The “guitar pick” sign: a novel sign of retrobulbar hemorrhage. CJEM. 2011 May;13(3):162-4.

Yoonessi R, Hussain A, Jang TB. Bedside ocular ultrasound for the detection of retinal detachment in the emergency department. Acad Emerg Med. 2010 Sep;17(9):913-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1553-2712.2010.00809.x.


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